How Executive Dysfunction Overlaps With ADHD
While people with ADHD experience executive dysfunctions, people can also experience them without ADHD.
What are Good Executive Functioning Skills and How Do They Help Folks With ADHD?
Many people with ADHD lack good executive functioning. This can be due to their distractibility, impulsivity, or inattentiveness that interfere with their ability to start and complete tasks.
Executive dysfunction isn’t a diagnosis on its own. It’s also not the same thing as ADHD (which is an official diagnosis). While people with ADHD experience executive dysfunctions, people can also experience them without ADHD.
Like an orchestra, each of the executive functions works together in various combinations. When one area is impaired, it affects the others. If a student has deficits in one of these key executive functions, it can interfere with school and academic performance.
There is an overlap between ADHD symptoms and executive dysfunction, though. This can be explained by the fact that many symptoms of ADHD, stem from issues with executive functioning.
Overlaps in ADHD symptoms and executive dysfunction include difficulties with:
Paying attention • Self-control • Working memory (ability to memory, use, and apply information) • Switching tasks • Focusing • Organizing or planning • Completing long-term projects • Considering consequences of actions
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